Capital Cities of Europe: From Amsterdam to Zagreb

Some of the links in this post are affiliate links. This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission at no extra cost to you. All opinions remain my own.

Capital cities are often the pulse of a country, reflecting its history, culture, and spirit.

Europe is home to some of the world’s most beautiful and fascinating capital cities, each with its own unique personality. From the canals of Amsterdam to the stunning architecture of Prague, there’s no shortage of captivating destinations to explore.

In this blog post, we’ll take a tour of Europe’s capital cities, from Amsterdam to Zagreb, and discover the rich history, diverse cultures, and modern attractions that make each city worth a visit.

Whether you’re a seasoned traveler or planning your first trip to Europe, this guide is sure to inspire your next adventure. So pack your bags, grab your camera, and let’s hit the road!

List of all European capital cities:

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Amsterdam
Photo by Adrien Olichon on Unsplash

Amsterdam is a vibrant and historic city known for its picturesque canals, stunning architecture, and rich cultural heritage. Some of the top landmarks to visit include the Anne Frank House, the Rijksmuseum, and the Van Gogh Museum, as well as the Royal Palace of Amsterdam and the NEMO Science Museum. Amsterdam is also famous for its lively atmosphere, with a thriving arts and entertainment scene, numerous green spaces, and bustling nightlife.

Andorra la Vella, Andorra

Andorra la Vella, Andorra
Photo by Di Ya on Unsplash

Andorra la Vella is the capital of the tiny principality of Andorra, located in the Pyrenees mountains between France and Spain. The city is known for its stunning natural scenery and outdoor recreation opportunities, including skiing, hiking, and mountain biking. Some of the top landmarks to visit include the Casa de la Vall, the National Automobile Museum, and the Sant Esteve Church. Andorra la Vella is also a shopper’s paradise, with numerous duty-free shops offering a wide range of products.

Athens, Greece

Athens, Greece
Photo by Constantinos Kollias on Unsplash

Athens is a city with a rich cultural heritage and a storied history. It’s known for its ancient landmarks, including the Acropolis and the Parthenon, as well as the National Archaeological Museum and the Greek Parliament building. Athens is also famous for its vibrant street life, delicious cuisine, and modern cultural offerings, such as the National Theatre of Greece and the Onassis Stegi. Whether you’re interested in history, or arts, or just soaking up the local vibe, Athens has something for everyone. With its sunny weather, stunning scenery, and endless attractions, Athens is a must-visit destination for any traveler.

Belgrade, Serbia

Belgrade, Serbia
Photo by Nikola Cirkovic on Unsplash

Belgrade, Serbia is a bustling city on the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers. It’s known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and vibrant nightlife. Some of the top landmarks to visit include the Belgrade Fortress, the Kalemegdan Park, the National Museum of Serbia, and Saint Sava Temple, one of the largest Orthodox churches in the world. Belgrade is also famous for its street food, craft beer scene, and music and arts events, such as the Belgrade Beer Fest.

Berlin, Germany

Berlin, Germany
Photo by Florian Wehde on Unsplash

Berlin is a city that is rich in history, culture, and creativity. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Brandenburg Gate, the Berlin Wall Memorial, and the Reichstag building. Berlin is also famous for its vibrant arts and music scene, with numerous galleries, museums, and concert venues, such as the Museum Island, the Berlin Philharmoniker, and the Berghain nightclub. The city is also known for its street art, innovative cuisine, and alternative subcultures, making it a hub for creative expression.

Bern, Switzerland

Bern, Switzerland
Photo by Alin Andersen on Unsplash

Bern is a charming city with a rich cultural heritage and stunning Alpine scenery. It’s known for its well-preserved medieval old town, including the Zytglogge tower, the Bear Pit, and the Nydeggbrücke bridge. Bern is also famous for its beautiful parks and gardens, such as the Rose Garden, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the Swiss National Museum and the Zentrum Paul Klee. Whether you’re interested in history, arts, or just taking in the breathtaking scenery, Bern has something for everyone.

Bratislava, Slovakia

Bratislava, Slovakia
Photo by Lukáš Kulla on Unsplash

Bratislava is a charming city on the banks of the Danube River. It’s known for its well-preserved old town, including the Bratislava Castle, St. Martin’s Cathedral, and the Old Town Hall. Bratislava is also famous for its beautiful parks and gardens, such as the Janka Kráľa Park, as well as its vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the Slovak National Museum and the Danubiana Meulensteen Art Museum.

Brussels, Belgium

Brussels, Belgium
Photo by n. samatar on Unsplash

Brussels is the capital of the European Union and a city rich in history, culture, and cuisine. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Atomium, the Manneken Pis statue, and the Grand Place, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Brussels is also famous for its delicious cuisine, including its world-famous chocolate and waffles, as well as its vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium and the Beer Museum. Whether you’re interested in history, or arts, or just indulging in delicious treats, Brussels has something for everyone.

Bucharest, Romania

Bucharest, Romania
Photo by George on Unsplash

Bucharest is a vibrant city with a rich cultural heritage and a storied history. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Palace of the Parliament, the largest administrative building in the world, and the Brancovenesc-style Stavropoleos Church. Bucharest is also famous for its beautiful parks and gardens, such as Carol Park and Herastrau Park, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Art of Romania.

YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE:   15 Most Beautiful Cities In Spain (With a Map)

Budapest, Hungary

Budapest, Hungary
Photo by Anna Hunko on Unsplash

Budapest is a city of stunning beauty, located on the banks of the Danube River. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Buda Castle, the Fisherman’s Bastion, and the Parliament Building. Budapest is also famous for its thermal baths, such as the Gellért Baths and the Rudas Baths, as well as its vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the Hungarian National Museum and the Hungarian State Opera House. Whether you’re interested in history, arts, or just relaxing in a thermal bath, Budapest is the right place for you.

Chisinau, Moldova

Chișinău, Moldova
Photo by Dorin Seremet on Unsplash

Chisinau is a city with vibrant energy. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Triumphal Arch, the Nativity Cathedral, and the St. Theodor Tiron Convent. Chisinau is also famous for its beautiful parks and gardens, such as the Stephen the Great Park and the Botanical Garden, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History.

Copenhagen, Denmark

Copenhagen, Denmark
Photo by Nick Karvounis on Unsplash

Copenhagen is renowned for its beautiful architecture, charming canals, and rich cultural heritage. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Little Mermaid statue, the Tivoli Gardens, and the Amalienborg Palace. Copenhagen is also famous for its thriving culinary scene, with numerous restaurants and cafes, as well as its vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Denmark and the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.

Dublin, Ireland

Dublin, Ireland
Photo by Matheus Câmara da Silva on Unsplash

Dublin is a city steeped in history, culture, and a rich literary heritage. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as Trinity College, Dublin Castle, and St. Patrick’s Cathedral. Dublin is also famous for its vibrant pub culture, with numerous historic pubs and live music venues, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Ireland and the Chester Beatty Library.

Helsinki, Finland

Helsinki is renowned for its beautiful architecture, stunning natural beauty, and rich cultural heritage. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Helsinki Cathedral, the Senate Square, and the Uspenski Cathedral. Helsinki is also famous for its numerous parks and gardens, such as the Esplanadi Park and the Töölönlahti Bay, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Finland and the Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma.

Kyiv, Ukraine

Kyiv, Ukraine
Photo by Maksym Diachenko on Unsplash

Kyiv is a city with vibrant energy. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra, St. Sophia Cathedral, and Independence Square. Kyiv is also famous for its beautiful parks and gardens, such as the Mariinsky Park and the Khreshchatyk Park, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Ukrainian History.

Lisbon, Portugal

Lisbon, Portugal
Photo by Aayush Gupta on Unsplash

Lisbon is renowned for its stunning architecture, charming cobbled streets, and rich cultural heritage. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Belem Tower, the Jeronimos Monastery, and the Sao Jorge Castle. Lisbon is also famous for its vibrant nightlife, with numerous bars, clubs, and music venues, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum and the Berardo Collection Museum.

Ljubljana, Slovenia

Ljubljana, Slovenia
Photo by Eugene Kuznetsov on Unsplash

Ljubljana is renowned for its picturesque setting, rich cultural heritage, and charming Old Town. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Ljubljana Castle, the Triple Bridge, and the St. Nicholas Cathedral. Ljubljana is also famous for its numerous parks and gardens, such as the Tivoli Park and the Rožnik Hill, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of Slovenia and the Moderna Galerija.

London, United Kingdom

London is a city renowned for its rich history, stunning architecture, and cultural diversity. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London, and Big Ben (now known as the Elizabeth Tower). London is also famous for its numerous museums and galleries, such as the British Museum and the National Gallery, as well as its vibrant nightlife, with numerous bars, clubs, and music venues.

Luxembourg City, Luxembourg

Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Photo by Cedric Letsch on Unsplash

Luxembourg City, the capital of Luxembourg, is known for its stunning blend of modern and historical architecture, its rich cultural heritage, and its position as a financial center. Some of the city’s top landmarks include the Luxembourg Palace, Notre-Dame Cathedral, and the European Court of Justice. Luxembourg City is also known for its scenic beauty, with the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers and the dense forest of the Mullerthal region.

Madrid, Spain

Madrid, Spain
Photo by Josefina Di Battista on Unsplash

Madrid is a city renowned for its rich cultural heritage, vibrant atmosphere, and stunning architecture. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Royal Palace of Madrid, the Puerta del Sol, and the Almudena Cathedral. Madrid is also famous for its numerous museums and galleries, such as the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofia Museum, as well as its thriving nightlife, with numerous bars, clubs, and music venues.

Minsk, Belarus

Minsk, Belarus
Photo by Darya Tryfanava on Unsplash

Minsk is renowned for its rich history, stunning architecture, and cultural diversity. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Island of Tears, Victory Square, and the Holy Spirit Cathedral. Minsk is also famous for its numerous museums and galleries, such as the National Museum of the Republic of Belarus and the Yanka Kupala National Theatre.

Monaco, Monaco

Monaco, Monaco
Photo by Julien Lanoy on Unsplash

Monaco, officially known as the Principality of Monaco, is a tiny but glamorous city-state known for its luxury lifestyle, stunning coastline, and cultural heritage. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Monte Carlo Casino, the Prince’s Palace of Monaco, and the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco. Monaco is also famous for its luxurious shopping and dining experiences, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous festivals and events throughout the year. Whether you’re interested in high-end shopping, art, or just soaking up the Mediterranean sun, Monaco has something for everyone.

YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE:   10 Most Beautiful Cities In Croatia

Moscow, Russia

Moscow, Russia
Photo by Artem Beliaikin on Unsplash

Moscow is a city renowned for its rich history, and stunning architecture. It’s known for its iconic landmarks, such as Red Square, the Kremlin, and St. Basil’s Cathedral. Moscow is also famous for its numerous museums and galleries, such as the State Tretyakov Gallery and the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, as well as its thriving nightlife, with numerous bars, clubs, and music venues.

Nicosia, Cyprus

Nicosia, Cyprus
Photo by Datingjungle on Unsplash

Nicosia, also known as Lefkosia, is the capital city of Cyprus and is located in the heart of the island. It’s known for its rich history, blending of cultures, and stunning architecture. Nicosia is famous for its iconic landmarks, such as the Kyrenia Gate, the Archbishop’s Palace, and the Selimiye Mosque. The city is also renowned for its vibrant local food scene and traditional markets, as well as its thriving cultural scene, with numerous festivals and events throughout the year.

Oslo, Norway

Oslo, Norway
Photo by Marian Rotea on Unsplash

Oslo, the capital city of Norway, is located on the country’s southern coast and is known for its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and modern architecture. Oslo is famous for its iconic landmarks, such as the Royal Palace, the Vigeland Sculpture Park, and the Munch Museum. The city is also renowned for its close proximity to the stunning fjords and mountains of Norway, making it an ideal starting point for outdoor adventures and nature excursions.

Paris, France

Paris, France in winter
Photo by Chris Karidis on Unsplash

Paris is widely known as the “City of Love” and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. The city is famous for its iconic landmarks, such as the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, and the Champs-Élysées. Paris is also renowned for its charming sidewalk cafes, historic gardens, and stunning architecture, making it one of the most visited cities in the world.

Podgorica, Montenegro

Podgorica, Montenegro
Photo by Denis Ismailaj on Unsplash

Podgorica is located in the central part of the country along the Morača River. Despite its small size, Podgorica is a bustling city with a rich history and cultural heritage. Some of the top landmarks in the city include the Millennium Bridge and Gorica Hill, which offers panoramic views of the city and surrounding landscape. The city is also known for its beautiful parks, museums, and restaurants, which offer a glimpse into the local way of life.

Prague, Czech Republic

Prague, The Czech Republic
Photo by Dmitry Goykolov on Unsplash

Prague is a popular tourist destination known for its stunning architecture, rich history, and cultural heritage. The city is home to many iconic landmarks, including the Charles Bridge, the Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral, and the Old Town Square, which is surrounded by historic buildings and the famous Astronomical Clock. Prague is also famous for its beautiful parks, picturesque riverfront, and vibrant cultural scene, which includes a thriving arts and music community.

Reykjavik, Iceland

Reykjavik

Reykjavik is a small yet vibrant city known for its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and unique blend of modern and traditional architecture. The city is surrounded by breathtaking landscapes, including glaciers, hot springs, and geysers, and is home to many popular landmarks, such as the Hallgrimskirkja church, the Sun Voyager sculpture, and the National Museum of Iceland. Reykjavik is also famous for its thriving arts and music scene, its outdoor activities, and its delicious cuisine, which features fresh seafood, local cheeses, and traditional Icelandic dishes.

Riga, Latvia

Riga, Latvia
Photo by Gilly on Unsplash

Riga is a charming city with a rich history, stunning architecture, and a vibrant cultural scene. It’s known for its well-preserved medieval Old Town, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its Art Nouveau architecture, which makes up a large part of the city’s central district. Some of Riga’s top landmarks include the iconic Freedom Monument, the stunning St. Peter’s Church, and the historic Riga Castle. The city is also famous for its lively festivals, street markets, and music scene, as well as its rich gastronomic heritage, which features traditional Latvian dishes and local beers.

Rome, Italy

Rome, Italy
Photo by Cristina Gottardi on Unsplash

Rome is a city steeped in history and cultural significance. Known as the “Eternal City,” Rome is renowned for its rich legacy of art, architecture, and religion, and is home to some of the world’s most iconic landmarks, including the Colosseum and the Pantheon. Visitors can also marvel at the city’s impressive fountains, such as the Trevi Fountain and the Fountain of the Four Rivers, and explore the city’s vibrant neighborhoods and vibrant street life.

San Marino, San Marino

San Marino
Photo by Matteo Panara on Unsplash

San Marino is a tiny, landlocked country in central Italy, known for its stunning mountain landscapes and rich history. This microstate is the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world and is a popular tourist destination for its well-preserved medieval architecture. The capital city of San Marino is also called San Marino, and its top landmarks include the three towering fortresses that make up the city center, known as the Three Towers of San Marino, as well as the Palazzo Pubblico, the historical government building, and the beautiful Basilica di San Marino, a stunning cathedral.

Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Photo by ADEV on Unsplash

Sarajevo is known for its rich cultural heritage and history. It is a city where the East meets the West and where the Ottoman Empire meets the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Some of the top landmarks in Sarajevo include Baščaršija, a historic Ottoman-era bazaar; the Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque, one of the largest and oldest mosques in the Balkans; and the Sarajevo Tunnel Museum, which was used during the Bosnian War as a means of transporting food, weapons, and supplies into the city.

Skopje, North Macedonia

Skopje, North Macedonia
Photo by Pavol Svantner on Unsplash

Skopje is known for its rich history and diverse cultural influences. It is home to numerous historical landmarks such as the 15th-century Kale Fortress, the Stone Bridge that dates back to the Ottoman Empire, and the Mustafa Pasha Mosque. The city is also famous for its stunning architecture, including the modernist buildings designed by the famous Yugoslav architect Gradimir Medaković. Skopje is a hub for culture, with numerous museums, galleries, and festivals taking place throughout the year.

YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE:   16 Most Beautiful Cities In Italy

Sofia, Bulgaria

Sofia, Bulgaria
Photo by Alexandr Bormotin on Unsplash

Sofia is known for its rich history and cultural heritage. The city boasts several landmarks including the impressive Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the National Palace of Culture, the Vitosha Mountain, and the picturesque Vitosha Boulevard. Sofia is also famous for its mineral springs, with over 20 thermal springs within the city limits. Whether you’re interested in history, culture or just relaxing in a beautiful setting, Sofia has something for everyone.

Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm Old Town

Stockholm is known for its beautiful architecture, history, and stunning waterfront views. Top landmarks in Stockholm include the Royal Palace, Stockholm Cathedral, and the Vasa Museum, which showcases a well-preserved 17th-century ship. The city is also home to several picturesque islands, including Djurgården, Södermalm, and Kungsholmen, offering a mix of culture, nature, and relaxation.

Tallinn, Estonia

Tallinn, Estonia
Photo by Karson on Unsplash

Tallinn is known for its well-preserved medieval Old Town. This historic district is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to iconic landmarks such as the 13th-century St. Olav’s Church, the Gothic Town Hall, and the Tallinn City Wall. The city is also famous for its beautiful view of the Baltic Sea, and its thriving tech scene, as it is often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of Europe”.

Tirana, Albania

Tirana, Albania
Photo by Drini Teta on Unsplash

Tirana is known for its vibrant nightlife, Ottoman and Communist-era architecture, and cultural landmarks such as the National Museum of History and the Et’hem Bey Mosque. Top landmarks include Skanderbeg Square, the National Art Gallery, and Mount Dajti, which offers stunning views of the city.

Vaduz, Liechtenstein

Vaduz, Liechtenstein
Photo by Henrique Ferreira on Unsplash

Vaduz is the capital city of Liechtenstein, a tiny alpine country known for its stunning natural beauty and a strong economy. Top landmarks in Vaduz include Vaduz Castle, the official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein, and the Red House, a charming historic building. The city is also known for its well-maintained parks and gardens, including the beautiful gardens at Vaduz Castle.

Valletta, Malta

Valletta, Malta
Photo by Alexander Serzhantov on Unsplash

Valletta is known for its rich history, stunning baroque architecture, and beautiful fortifications. The city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to many historic landmarks, including St. John’s Co-Cathedral, the Grandmaster’s Palace, and the Upper Barrakka Gardens. The city’s fortifications, which include impressive walls and the Saluting Battery, offer breathtaking views of the Mediterranean Sea. Valletta is a popular tourist destination and is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

Vatican City, Vatican

Vatican City
Photo by Caleb Miller on Unsplash

Vatican City is the smallest sovereign state in the world, known as the center of the Catholic Church. It is famous for its rich religious history, stunning architecture, and priceless art collections. Top landmarks include St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, the Vatican Museums, and the Vatican Gardens.

Vienna, Austria

Vienna, Austria
Photo by Jacek Dylag on Unsplash

Vienna is known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and cultural heritage. The city is home to many world-famous landmarks such as the Schönbrunn Palace, the State Opera House, St. Stephen’s Cathedral, and the Imperial Palace. Vienna is also famous for its coffeehouses and pastries, classical music, and its position as the center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With its blend of traditional and modern elements, Vienna is a must-visit destination for any traveler.

Vilnius, Lithuania

Vilnius, Lithuania
Photo by Jisoo Kim on Unsplash

Vilnius is known for its stunning architecture, rich history, and cultural heritage. The city’s Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is home to many iconic landmarks such as the Gothic St. Anne’s Church, the baroque St. Peter and St. Paul’s Church, and the Vilnius University complex, one of the oldest universities in Northern Europe. The city also offers a vibrant nightlife and an array of dining options, making it a popular tourist destination.

Warsaw, Poland

Warsaw, Poland
Photo by Elijah G on Unsplash

Warsaw is the largest city in Poland, known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and modern architecture. Some of its top landmarks include the Royal Castle, St. John’s Cathedral, Old Town Market Place, the Lazienki Palace, and the Palace of Culture and Science.

Zagreb, Croatia

Zagreb, Croatia
Photo by Maja Vujic on Unsplash

Zagreb is known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and lively cultural scene. The city is home to numerous top landmarks, including the Zagreb Cathedral, St. Mark’s Church, the Museum of Broken Relationships, and the historic Upper Town. Additionally, Zagreb is renowned for its green spaces, such as Maksimir Park, and its vibrant street life.

List of European capitals in alphabetical order as a PDF:


Travel tips and tricks:

  • Save big on flights with Skyscanner.com – This incredible tool lets you find the most affordable airfare to your dream destination. You’ll love their “Whole Month” feature, which displays the best prices for the entire month. If you’re flexible with travel dates, this is a game-changer for scoring the cheapest tickets.
  • Stay in the heart of the action – I always find the perfect accommodation on Booking.com. Their map view lets me filter hotels by my budget and select ones that are right in the center of it all. Trust me, you won’t want to miss this easy way to book your ideal stay!
  • Go beyond the resort – I’m all about making the most of my trips, and GetYourGuide.com has been a lifesaver for booking unforgettable tours and day trips. It’s the most hassle-free way to dive into the local culture and explore the hidden gems in every new place.
  • Hit the road with DiscoverCars.com – There’s no better way to explore your destination than by car! Renting a vehicle has never been easier, and with their competitive prices, you’ll have the freedom to create your own adventures.

I highly recommend trying these tools for yourself – not only will you save money, but you’ll also create memories that last a lifetime. Happy travels!


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Scroll to Top